What is Primary Open Angle Glaucoma?
Primary Open Angle Glaucoma is a complex, multi-factoral disease in which there is progressive damage to the optic nerve. Damage to the optic nerve causes a loss of nerve fiber tissue, and leads to a progressive loss of peripheral visual field. It can be difficult to diagnose Primary Open Angle Glaucoma due to the fact that there is not one single test, sign, or symptom that is a clear indicator that someone has glaucoma. Instead, a series of tests and follow-ups are necessary to establish a baseline health assessment, as well as look for changes over time.
What causes Primary Open Angle Glaucoma?
Although the exact cause of Primary Open Angle Glaucoma is unknown, it is typically associated with an elevation in the pressure inside the eye. The pressure inside the eye can become elevated if the fluid inside the eye does not drain properly, or if the eye is producing too much fluid. The increased pressure inside the eye increases the pressure on the optic nerve, which is extremely fragile. This causes damage to the nerve fibers of the optic nerve, and can lead to vision loss if left untreated.
Symptoms of Primary Open Angle Glaucoma
Often there are no symptoms associated with ,Primary Open Angle Glaucoma particularly in the early stages. If left untreated, a progressive loss of peripheral vision can occur, creating tunnel-like vision.
Treatment for Primary Open Angle Glaucoma
First-line treatment for Primary Open Angle Glaucoma typically consists of eye drops to lower the pressure inside the eye. These drops are most commonly administered 1 to 3 times per day. Additional treatment includes various surgeries that are aimed at improving the drainage mechanisms of the eye.