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Choroidal Rupture

What is Choroidal Rupture?
Choroidal Rupture is a splitting or break in the choroid in the back of the eye. The choroid is a layer of the eye that lies underneath the retina, and is not visible without looking through the pupil and examining the retina. Sometimes damage to the choroid can lead to choroidal neovascularization, or the growth of new blood vessels.

What causes Choroidal Rupture?
Choroidal Rupture is caused by trauma to the eye(s).  Individuals who experience Choroidal Rupture are often younger and involved in activities, such as ball sports, which expose them to high-rates of impact trauma to the eye.

Symptoms of Choroidal Rupture:

In recent trauma, there may be hemorrhage in any layer ranging from the choroid to the vitreous. However, if the trauma happened years earlier, there will be no hemorrhage unless choroidal neovascularization has developed.  A person with Choroidal Rupture may experience a decrease in vision, or they may be asymptomatic (no symptoms).

Treatment of Choroidal Rupture:

If choroidal neovascularization is present, treatment is centered around reducing or eliminating the neovascularization. Depending on the location of the neovascularization, laser treatment may be warranted. Other options include surgical removal of the neovascularization, or injections of anti-VEGF drugs into the eye to reduce the neovacaularization.