Dry Eye Syndrome

Get your dry eyes treated by the best at Artisan Optics Boise Idaho

There is a phantom in the world of eye-care. It presents itself in a variety of ways and can appear at any time. Making it even more elusive – the symptoms are not always obvious. The phantom's name you ask? Dry Eye. So put down those artificial tears that aren't working all that well and learn about dry eye.

 

Treating dry eye involves more than just drops at Artisan Optics Boise Idaho

Dry eye can come in the night and wake you from a restful sleep and can make you tear up during the happiest of times (that's right dry eyes actually can water). Dry eye affects all people differently. It is much like a pain threshold; it varies from person to person. The other consideration is that there are different types of dry eye – each with its own characteristics and approach to treatment.

 

Some common symptoms of dry eye are as follows:

  • dryness

  • burning

  • itching

  • redness

  • watering

  • light sensitivity

  • blurred vision / fluctuating vision

  • foreign body sensation

  • grittiness

  • eyelids sticking to the eye

  • discomfort while using the computer/reading

  • contact lens intolerance

 

The main types of dry eye are

  • Tear film insufficiency: This means that the eye is not producing an adequate amount of tears to help sustain the corneal integrity.

  • Evaporative dry eye: This means that there an irregularity within the oil layer of the tears, allowing the tears to evaporate faster than normal. Tears are composed of three layers:

    • Aqueous layer: this is the main fluid layer of tears

    • Mucin layer: this layer helps the aqueous layer adhere to the surface of the cornea.

    • Oil layer: this is the top layer of the tears that is a thin layer of oil that helps prevent evaporation

 

While symptoms of dryness can be annoying they can also be very harmful and hinder vision permanently. In the case of tear film insufficiency if the cornea becomes too dry it can actually cause a corneal ulcer. For those of you who have not experienced a corneal ulcer, it is a very painful and debilitating experience. Essentially think of a crater forming on your eye, that can scar. So if a corneal scar happens right in the middle of your pupil you can lose vision. Ignoring dry eye symptoms can be more than irritating, it can have long-term effects.

 

So what can be done about dry eye?

Well it really depends on the type of dry eye and if you have any other compounding factors (ex seasonal allergies). The first step is talk to your optometrist about dryness. A thorough dry eye assessment should be performed to assess your tears. Some possible treatment options may include the following:

  • artificial tears

  • bandage contact lens

  • gel tears

  • warm compress

  • fish oils

  • prescription drops (Restasis)

  • oral antibiotics

  • gland expression

 

Obviously every treatment option will be unique to the individual receiving treatment. Far too often we see people self diagnosing themselves with dryness and treating themselves with their own remedies. Things to be avoided when suffering from dryness (or in general, should be avoided):

  • Any drops that say “gets the red out”

  • Using contact lens solution as an artificial tear

  • Over-wearing contact lenses

 

Dry eye is a problem for many people and there are a lot of treatment options available. Talk to your optometrist to assess your dryness. Don't suffer through it because it can go from annoying to debilitating.

 

Get your dry eyes under control at Artisan Optics Boise Idaho

 

Posted by Artisan Optics at 6/29/2016 6:29:00 PM
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