What is bacterial keratitis?
Bacterial keratitis is a sight threatening infection of the cornea. One of the characteristics of bacterial keratitis is its rapid progression. More virulent forms of the bacteria can result in complete corneal destruction in 24 to 48 hours. Corneal ulceration, stromal abscess, corneal adema, and anterior segment inflammation are characteristics of this form of bacterial keratitis.
What causes bacterial keratitis?
Bacterial keratitis remains one of the most common complications associated with contact lens wear (especially extended-wear contact lenses, contact lenses worn overnight). However, bacterial keratitis can also be caused by:
- use of contaminated ophthalmic solutions or eye medications
- use of a contaminated contact lens case
- use of contaminated eye make-up
- an injury to the eye
- chronic eyelid disease
- tear film abnormalities affecting the ocular surface
- compromised (reduced) immunity
Bacterial keratitis symptoms:
Symptoms of bacterial keratitis can include:
- tearing or watery eyes
- eye(s) may appear red
- light sensitivity
If you experience any bacterial keratitis symptoms see your eye doctor immediately. It is important that bacterial keratitis treamtent be started right away to prevent possible vision loss or blindness.
Bacterial keratitis treatment:
Proper diagnosis and prompt treatment are essential to preserve vision in cases of bacterial keratitis. Bacterial keratitis is usually treated with antibiotic drops. Drops are put in frequently. Treatment may require multiple return visits to closely monitor the condition of the cornea.